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    Research or study the origins and physical, social, and cultural development and behavior of humans and the cultures and organizations they have created.

    Collect information and make judgments through observation, interviews, and the review of documents. Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations. Write about and present research findings for a variety of specialized and general audiences. Advise government agencies, private organizations, and communities regarding proposed programs, plans, and policies and their potential impacts on cultural institutions, organizations, and communities. Build and use text-based database management systems to support the analysis of detailed first-hand observational records, or "field notes." Identify culturally-specific beliefs and practices affecting health status and access to services for distinct populations and communities, in collaboration with medical and public health officials. Develop intervention procedures, utilizing techniques such as individual and focus group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction. Construct and test data collection methods. Explain the origins and physical, social, or cultural development of humans, including physical attributes, cultural traditions, beliefs, languages, resource management practices, and settlement patterns. Conduct participatory action research in communities and organizations to assess how work is done, and to design work systems, technologies, and environments. Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behavior of cultures and social institutions. Train others in the application of ethnographic research methods to solve problems in organizational effectiveness, communications, technology development, policy-making, and program planning. Create data records for use in describing and analyzing social patterns and processes, using photography, videography, and audio recordings. Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies, plans, and programs based on culturally institutionalized barriers and facilitating circumstances. Enhance the cultural sensitivity of elementary and secondary curricula and classroom interactions in collaboration with educators and teachers. Study archival collections of primary historical sources to help explain the origins and development of cultural patterns. Apply systematic sampling techniques to ensure the accuracy, completeness, precision, and representativeness of individuals selected for sample surveys. Identify key individual cultural collaborators, using reputational and positional selection techniques. Gather and analyze artifacts and skeletal remains in order to increase knowledge of ancient cultures. Organize public exhibits and displays to promote public awareness of diverse and distinctive cultural traditions. Apply traditional ecological knowledge and assessments of culturally distinctive land and resource management institutions to assist in the resolution of conflicts over habitat protection and resource enhancement. Examine museum collections of hominid fossils to classify anatomical and physiological variations, and to determine how they fit into evolutionary theory. Participate in forensic activities such as tooth and bone structure identification, in conjunction with police departments and pathologists. Observe the production, distribution, and consumption of food to identify and mitigate threats to food security. Analyze and characterize user experiences and institutional settings to assist consumer product developers, technology developers, and software engineers with the design of innovative products and services. Build geographic information systems (GIS) to record, analyze, and cartographically represent the distribution of languages, cultural and natural resources, land use, and settlement patterns of specific populations. Observe and measure bodily variations and physical attributes of different human groups.

    Sociology and Anthropology -- Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins. English Language -- Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. History and Archeology -- Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures. Education and Training -- Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. Foreign Language -- Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation. Psychology -- Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. Philosophy and Theology -- Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture. Geography -- Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. Communications and Media -- Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. Mathematics -- Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

    Writing -- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Active Listening -- Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. Social Perceptiveness -- Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. Speaking -- Talking to others to convey information effectively. Complex Problem Solving -- Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. Active Learning -- Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. Science -- Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. Judgment and Decision Making -- Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate on

    Inductive Reasoning -- The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). Written Comprehension -- The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. Oral Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. Written Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. Oral Comprehension -- The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. Deductive Reasoning -- The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. Speech Clarity -- The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). Problem Sensitivity -- The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. Speech Recognition -- The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

    Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others -- Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. Thinking Creatively -- Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. Processing Information -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. Analyzing Data or Information -- Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. Documenting/Recording Information -- Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work -- Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge -- Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships -- Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.