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    Conduct research to reconstruct record of past human life and culture from human remains, artifacts, architectural features, and structures recovered through excavation, underwater recovery, or other means of discovery.

    Clean, restore, and preserve artifacts. Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found. Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences. Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archaeological sites. Create a grid of each site, and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings. Create artifact typologies to organize and make sense of past material cultures. Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made, and their size, shape, function, and decoration. Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures. Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary. Research, survey, and assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions. Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and/or authenticate them, and to interpret their significance. Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology and artifact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings. Assess archaeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes, and recommend methods for site protection. Lead field training sites and train field staff, students, and volunteers in excavation methods. Teach archaeology at colleges and universities.

    History and Archeology -- Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures. Sociology and Anthropology -- Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

    Active Learning -- Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Science -- Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. Reading Comprehension -- Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. Writing -- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. Complex Problem Solving -- Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. Judgment and Decision Making -- Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

    Category Flexibility -- The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. Inductive Reasoning -- The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). Information Ordering -- The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). Deductive Reasoning -- The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. Written Comprehension -- The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. Oral Comprehension -- The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. Visual Color Discrimination -- The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). Written Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

    Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. Processing Information -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others -- Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. Documenting/Recording Information -- Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. Analyzing Data or Information -- Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People -- Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. Making Decisions and Solving Problems -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information -- Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge -- Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.