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    Atmospheric and Space Scientists

    Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses.

    Collect and analyze historical climate information such as precipitation and temperature records in order to help predict future weather and climate trends. Conduct basic or applied meteorological research into the processes and determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather, and climate. Conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions in order to understand and predict global and regional weather patterns. Gather data from sources such as surface and upper air stations, satellites, weather bureaus, and radar for use in meteorological reports and forecasts. Operate computer graphic equipment to produce weather reports and maps for analysis, distribution, or use in weather broadcasts. Prepare forecasts and briefings to meet the needs of industry, business, government, and other groups. Study and interpret data, reports, maps, photographs, and charts to predict long- and short-range weather conditions, using computer models and knowledge of climate theory, physics, and mathematics. Apply meteorological knowledge to problems in areas including agriculture, pollution control, and water management, and to issues such as global warming or ozone depletion. Broadcast weather conditions, forecasts, and severe weather warnings to the public via television, radio, and the Internet, and/or provide this information to the news media. Collect air samples from planes and ships over land and sea to study atmospheric composition. Consult with agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information. Design and develop new equipment and methods for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or related applications. Develop and use weather forecasting tools such as mathematical and computer models. Measure wind, temperature, and humidity in the upper atmosphere, using weather balloons. Research and analyze the impact of industrial projects and pollution on climate, air quality, and weather phenomena. Direct forecasting services at weather stations, or at radio or television broadcasting facilities. Make scientific presentations, and publish reports, articles, or texts. Teach at colleges or universities.

    Communications and Media -- Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media. Physics -- Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes. Geography -- Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life. Mathematics -- Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. English Language -- Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. Computers and Electronics -- Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

    Critical Thinking -- Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Speaking -- Talking to others to convey information effectively. Science -- Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. Reading Comprehension -- Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. Active Learning -- Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. Judgment and Decision Making -- Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. Mathematics -- Using mathematics to solve problems. Writing -- Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. Learning Strategies -- Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. Equipment Selection -- Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.

    Speech Clarity -- The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. Oral Expression -- The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. Written Comprehension -- The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). Speed of Closure -- The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. Inductive Reasoning -- The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others -- Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. Analyzing Data or Information -- Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge -- Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. Processing Information -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. Performing for or Working Directly with the Public -- Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. Communicating with Persons Outside Organization -- Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.