Perform highly skilled hand finishing operations, such as grooving and lettering to bind books.
Compress sewed or glued signatures to reduce books to required thicknesses, using hand presses or smashing machines.
Cut binder boards to specified dimensions, using board shears, hand cutters, or cutting machines.
Cut cover material to specified dimensions, and fit and glue material to binder boards manually or by machine.
Fold and sew printed sheets to form signatures, and assemble signatures in numerical order to form book bodies.
Glue outside endpapers to covers.
Imprint and emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on covers, using gold, silver, or colored foil, and stamping machines.
Insert book bodies in devices that form back edges of books into convex shapes and produce grooves that facilitate attachment of covers.
Perform highly skilled hand finishing operations, such as grooving and lettering, to bind books.
Place bound books in presses that exert pressure on covers until glue dries.
Trim edges of books to size, using cutting or book trimming machines or hand cutters.
Design original or special bindings for limited editions.
Establish production procedures based on job orders.
Make boxes or specialty items such as binders and photograph albums.
Meet with clients, printers, and/or designers to discuss job requirements and binding plans.
Pack and weigh books, and stack them on pallets to prepare them for shipment.
Repair, restore, and rebind old or damaged books, including rare books.
Apply color to edges of signatures, using brushes, pads, or atomizers.
Apply glue to backs of books, using brushes or glue machines, and attach cloth backing and headbands.
Attach endpapers to tops and bottoms of book bodies, using sewing machines, or glue endpapers and signatures together along spines, using brushes or glue machine
Production and Processing -- Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Operation and Control -- Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Near Vision -- The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Manual Dexterity -- The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Control Precision -- The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Information Ordering -- The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Handling and Moving Objects -- Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Controlling Machines and Processes -- Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Performing General Physical Activities -- Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
Getting Information -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.